For those interested in donating eggs, you can find more information here.
When both eggs and sperm are required, a double donation or embryo donation is relevant. To learn more about that, click here.
You must go through a medical evaluation before receiving IVF with donated eggs so that a doctor can look into and assess your chance for a successful treatment. Furthermore, evaluations must be carried out by a psychologist, sociologist, or psychotherapist, according to Swedish law.
The investigations are carried out with us at Nordic IVF in Solna Strand and Stockholm IVF in Hammarby Sjöstad, as well as in Gothenburg and Malmö with our affiliate partners, Göteborgs Kvinnoklinik and Limhamns Kvinnoklinik.
IVF with donated eggs: What does it mean?
When a woman lacks her own eggs and the man has healthy sperm for fertilization, opposite-sex couples might use IVF with donated eggs, which is known as egg donation.
How is it carried out?
Before starting treatment, an infertility workup and examination are completed, along with a behavioral scientist’s psychological assessment. All patients who will receive treatment using donated gametes must do this. The couple’s life circumstances, parenting philosophy, and the significance of disclosing the egg donation and the child’s origin to them are all covered in the psychological assessment.
Following the assessment, you will meet with an IVF specialist, who will arrange the procedure and choose a donor. Hormone stimulation and egg retrieval are performed on the egg donor. Sperm from the man in the couple fertilizes the eggs. An embryo is transferred into the uterus with a thin tube after 2, 3, or 5 days of incubation in the IVF lab. After about 3 weeks, the woman can take a pregnancy test to see if the treatment was successful.
What is the legal ruling?
What is legal with regard to assisted reproduction is governed by the Genetic Integrity Act. It is crucial for anyone who may receive therapy using donated eggs to be aware of the regulations. The doctor is required to evaluate if egg donation is appropriate and whether it is reasonable to anticipate that the child would grow up in a caring environment, considering the couple’s medical, psychological, and social conditions. A behavioral scientist’s psychosocial evaluation is required by law in all donation procedures. If donation treatment is refused, an appeal to the National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen) can be made.
Children born from donated gametes have the legal right to know who the donor is, just as all children have the right to know information about their parents. The donor’s information is kept on file for 70 years. The parents, however, have no authority to request such information.
The law also states that the donor’s characteristics cannot be chosen by the couple. The doctor decides which donor will be considered while designing the treatment. It is customary to match the egg donor’s physical constitution, eye color, hair color, and skin tone with the egg recipient’s traits. Additionally, written approval for the therapy is required from the parent who will not bear the child. It can appear that the legal process is overly difficult at times, but it is crucial to understand that everything is done to safeguard and ensure the rights of the child.
All egg and sperm donors in Sweden have open identification since every child has the right to know facts about its ancestry. This means that the child can learn about the donor when it gets older. Studies show that the sooner you explain your child’s origin, the more likely it is that it will accept the knowledge favorably.